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How Will AI Affect Jobs in the UK

How Will AI Affect Jobs in the UK?

Generative AI is everywhere. It’s infiltrated nearly every aspect of our lives, including our jobs. The changes associated with AI in recruitment, job creation and job transformation will affect almost every worker in the UK, but how it will impact them varies considerably.

Are the robots here to take our jobs? In most cases, the answer is still no. (Or at least not yet.) In fact, generative AI is actually driving the creation of new positions at many companies. But the elimination and creation of jobs aren’t the only way generative AI affects employment. A growing number of hiring teams are embracing AI to streamline their processes, and reports of AI-driven dismissals are becoming increasingly common.

Maybe the robots aren’t here to replace us at work — they’re just the ones who decide who works and who doesn’t.

We’re taking a closer look at AI and recruitment, from upskilling to downsizing. How will AI affect jobs in the UK? What’s changing — and what changes are still to come?

What Jobs Will AI Replace?

Despite widespread fears about AI replacing jobs, research suggests only around 24% of positions in the UK are at a high risk of disappearing because of AI. These are jobs where generative AI can perform at least 80% of the necessary tasks competently. Positions in the financial and insurance sectors are considered particularly vulnerable, as are professional occupations that involve a lot of clerical work.

Indeed’s 2024 UK Jobs & Hiring Trends Report: Challenges Ahead in 2024

Approximately half of the country’s jobs have some moderate level of exposure to AI, while 27% face a relatively low risk of losing their place to AI technology at this point. Of course, generative AI capabilities are continually advancing, so these figures will change as the technology evolves.

How Will AI Affect Jobs in the UK
What’s changing?

Generative AI tools are increasingly used for clerical and business analysis tasks, in some cases replacing human workers.

Who’s affected?

Workers in London and the Southeast are more likely to be affected than those in the North. Employees with higher levels of education and advanced qualifications face a greater threat from generative AI.

What’s next?

More jobs could be affected as generative AI capabilities expand.

What Jobs Will AI Create

What Jobs Will AI Create?

Generative AI may be threatening some positions, but it’s not all gloom and doom — AI technology is driving job creation as well. The number of positions related to the use or development of AI technology is relatively low but climbing fast.

Indeed’s 2024 UK Jobs & Hiring Trends Report: Challenges Ahead in 2024

As of last October, AI-related terms only appeared in around 0.05% of UK job listings — but that’s 2600% more than in January 2023, and that aggressive growth is likely to increase. 78% of companies that have implemented AI or automation technology say it has directly resulted in the creation of new positions, and 69% say job quality has improved.

How Will AI Affect Jobs in the UK
What’s changing?

The adoption of AI technology is driving job creation and workforce upskilling initiatives as employers find themselves in need of workers with new skill sets.

Who’s affected?

Regions with strong investments in education and technology infrastructure are better prepared to adapt to AI and its potential for job creation.

What’s next?

Regional inequalities could be exacerbated if policies promoting workforce investments and education aren’t implemented to ensure companies in every part of the country are poised to leverage the benefits of AI.

AI and Recruitment or Dismissals

The suggestion that AI could be responsible for hiring and firing conjures up the image of robots making personal decisions about individual applicants and employees. Let’s put that dystopian vision on hold.

A number of major tech brands have made headlines lately after former employees alleged the companies used artificial intelligence to determine which workers to let go. (The tech firms in question insist their termination processes still include considerable human oversight and intervention.) Advocates have raised concerns about the use of AI to make life-changing decisions like hiring and firing, but in reality, recruitment teams have relied on AI for elements of the hiring process for years. AI recruitment tools can help hiring managers sift through large amounts of data, reduce bias, and even improve employee retention.

How Will AI Affect Jobs in the UK
What’s changing?

Human resource teams are leveraging the power of AI to help cut costs, increase efficiency, and improve the recruiting process:

Who’s affected?

Over half of UK job-seekers report seeing AI used in the recruitment process, and 46% say they use AI when searching and applying for jobs.

What’s next?

The continued evolution of AI recruiting tools is difficult to predict, but it’s likely that the use of AI and automation in hiring will continue to increase as organisations look for new ways to trim budgets and improve the recruitment experience for everyone involved.

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